Guanacaste National Park in Costa Rica

Guanacaste National Park in Costa Rica

Guanacaste National Park is located on the east side of the Interamerican road, in front of the national park of Santa Rosa. Created in 1989 for the protection of tropical forests on the slopes of the volcanoes Cocoa (extinct) and Orosi, this project was funded in order to protect the migratory routes of hundreds of animals that migrate toward the high ground during dry seasons. It has an area of 700 square kilometers and is located 280 kilometers from San Jose.

The park contains a number of very interesting paths, as well as several study stations, of which at least one is open to the public, photographers, and researchers.

The wildlife in the park is very diverse, have been documented around 140 species of mammals, over 300 birds, 100 amphibians and reptiles and more than 10,000 species of insects have been identified. The most common are the monkeys like the Congo, armadillos, mice, mountain lions, and black hawks, among others.

Positioned at the foot of the volcano Orosi is the biological station Maritza where you can see relics of the Plio-Quaternary period when the volcano was formed and the accumulations on the plains of Piro clastic sediments.

The western section of the mountain is covered with green forests vegetation, which highlights trees that reach 30 meters in height, with predominant species such as Santa Maria and Tempisque.